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Leaf-loving talker (waxy) belongs to the Tricholomaceae or Ryadovkovy family from the Lamellar order. It has several names: hardwood, waxy, waxy, grayish, Latin - Clitocybe phyllophila.
Where leaf-loving talkers grow
Waxy talkers grow in Eurasia, Great Britain and North America. Distributed in deciduous and mixed forests. They prefer to grow on a deciduous pillow, because of this they got the name leaf-loving, but they are also found on coniferous litter.
Attention! Leaf-loving (waxy) talkers grow in groups, creating paths or circles, which are popularly called "witches".
The ripening season is in the autumn months. The first fruiting bodies appear in early September (in some regions at the end of August), the latter can be found in November.
What waxy talkers look like
According to the description, the hat in young specimens of the waxy govorushka (pictured) has a convex shape with a tubercle in the center, the edges are tucked inward. As it grows, it becomes flat, the bulge in the center is hardly noticeable. In old mushrooms, it is funnel-shaped, with a wavy edge. The plates are not visible through the cap. The surface is beige or brown, sometimes with ocher spots, covered with a waxy coating, hence the name - waxy. Cracking of this plaque gives the hat a marbling effect. The diameter ranges from 5-10 cm.
Waxy specimens have white plates that become creamy with an ocher tint with age. The width of the plates is 5 mm, the arrangement is average in frequency.
Spore powder, dirty beige or pink-cream.
The flesh in the cap is soft, thin (up to 2 mm in thickness), spongy, white color; in the leg - harsh, fibrous, pale beige.
The height of the leg is 5-8 cm, the diameter is 1-2 cm. The shape is cylindrical, expanding at the base. The color is white; as it grows, it acquires a dirty ocher hue. The upper part of the leg is covered with frost-like bloom.
Waxy talkers (leaf-loving) have a mild, astringent taste, a pleasant aroma, but not mushroom, with strong spicy notes.
Is it possible to eat leaf-loving talkers
Waxy talkers contain muscarine, an alkaloid that acts on cholinergic receptors. This substance is toxic to humans, therefore leaf-loving talkers are not used for food.
How to distinguish waxy talkers
Leaf-loving (waxy) talkers can be confused with the following mushrooms:
- a saucer-shaped talker related to conditionally edible specimens. You can distinguish it by the matte cap and the descending plates under it;
- a bent talker is a little easier to distinguish, since the mushroom is larger in size than leaf-loving specimens. The species is conditionally edible;
- the sub-cherry has a varied cap color, so some mushroom pickers take it for leaf-loving specimens. Distinctive features: pinkish plates, absence of concentric circles on the cap. The mushroom is edible.
Important! The sub-cherry can be identified by its cucumber or mealy odor.
The first signs of poisoning may appear within 30-40 minutes after eating a mushroom dish, but more often this happens after a few hours.
Signs of poisoning with waxy mushrooms include:
- nausea, vomiting, diarrhea;
- soreness in the abdomen;
- hypersalivation (salivation);
- increased sweating;
- constriction of the pupils, visual impairment;
- changes in the work of the heart (bradycardia).
Shortness of breath, which occurs against the background of pulmonary edema, is considered a particularly dangerous sign. In severe cases, the patient falls into a coma. Poisoning with muscarinic mushrooms, including waxy talkers (leaf-loving), can result in the death of young children, the elderly and people with problems of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.
Regular consumption of small amounts of mushrooms with muscarine causes drug addiction.
First aid for poisoning
If your health worsens, you need to call an ambulance, and before her arrival, do a gastric lavage. The antidote to muscarine is atropine. Its solution is administered subcutaneously or intravenously. But if it was not possible to identify the mushrooms, it is better not to use the drugs until the arrival of the doctors.
Rinsing is done with a weak manganese solution or warm water. The victim should drink 5-6 glasses of water, after which a gag reflex occurs. Repeat several times. After that, absorbents are given.
With a chill, the patient is covered, heating pads are applied to the stomach and limbs.
To prevent dehydration, the victim should drink in small sips a weak solution of salt (1 teaspoon per 1 liter of water), you can use the pharmacy Regidron.
The leaf-loving talker is an inedible representative of the Ryadovkovy family. Has similar conditionally edible species, therefore, during their collection, you must be extremely careful.